Speed, reliability and convenience are more than ever the decisive factors for the attractiveness of modern trains – and thus also for their economic and safe operation. By these criteria, the optimum line usage in short-distance and long-distance traffic becomes the central issue.
So as to provide trouble-free rail services across the country national train protection and train control systems need to operate efficiently and safely multiple systems have to work in an integrated operation. Examples of these systems include:
With increasing social and economic pressures, the legislation in various countries is becoming more stringent. These issues are addressed, in the majority of cases, ensuring that the safety instrumented systems are specified, designed, installed, operated and maintained according to appropriate and well recognized safety standards.