IEC 61508 (Process Industry)
This is a basic functional safety standard applicable to all kinds of industry, consisting of methods on how to apply, design, deploy and maintain automatic protection systems. The key concept of this standard is that a safety-related system should work correctly or fail in a predictable way - and the handling of the predictable failures makes the system safe.
ISO 26262 (Automotive)
This is a risk-based safety standard which defines functional safety for automotive equipment, applicable throughout the life cycle of all electronic and electrical safety-related systems, ranging from the specification, to design, implementation, integration, verification, validation, and production release.
ISO 21448 / SOTIF (Automotive)
This standard is specific for Safety Of The Intended Functionality (SOTIF). SOTIF is defined as “the absence of unreasonable risk due to hazards resulting from functional insufficiencies of the intended functionality, or by reasonably foreseeable misuse by persons”. The standard ISO 21448 provides guidance on the applicable design and verification and validation measures needed to achieve the SOTIF. It does not apply to cases covered by the ISO 26262 or to hazards directly caused by the system technology.
ISO 25119 (Agriculture Machinery)
This standard specifies how to design and develop safety-related parts of control systems on tractors used in agriculture and forestry, on self-propelled ride-on machines and mounted, semi-mounted and trailed machines used in agriculture and on mobile municipal equipment (e.g. sweepers, snowploughs and fire trucks machines).
EN 16590 (Agriculture Machinery)
This standard is intended for safety-related parts of control systems applied in the design and development of tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry. In 2018, it has been superseded by the ISO 25119.
UNI EN 50126, UNI EN 50127, EN 50128, EN 50129 (Railway)
These CENELEC rules are all related to the guided transport systems (GTS). EN 50126 defines the reliability, availability, maintainability and safety (RAMS) aspects, their interactions and the process for handling them, specifying requirements and then demonstrating that these requirements are achieved; EN 50127 covers the specifications from a normative point of view; EN 50128 and EN 50129 make reference to the safety-related electronic systems for use in railway control and protection applications, respectively from a software and a hardware point of view.
IEC 62304 (Medical Devices)
IEC 62304 covers the life cycle process for the development of medical software and software within medical devices. It complies with both, the European Union and the United States regulations and requirements.
ISO 14971 (Medical Devices)
ISO 14971 is a standard for the application of risk management to medical devices. It establishes the requirements, during the product life cycle, to determine the safety of a medical device by the manufacturer handling the risk management.
IEC 60601 (Medical Devices)
IEC 60601 consists in a series of technical standards focused on the safety of medical- electrical equipment. In many countries over the world, the compliancy with this standard has become necessary for the electrical- medical equipment commercialization, commonly associated to the request of conformity with the specific directives of the local Health Agency (e.g. EMA in the EU, NMPA in China, FDA in the US, etc…).
IEC 60880 — Nuclear Power Plants
IEC 60880 - Instrumentation and control systems important to safety - is a standard covering the software aspects of the safety functions performing A-level functions.